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General

Irregular Periods (Oligomenorrhea)

Periods are no doubt is an extremely tough time for every woman. Several different symptoms attacks your during the periods and make you feel sick such as headache, backache, stomach disorders etc. where regular periods are so painful, irregular periods are even more painful and uncomfortable. During the menstrual cycles, irregular periods are one of the most common problems that women can experience. Irregular periods are nothing but a sort some health issues.

Regular Periods

Before moving on to the irregular periods, it is necessary to understand what actually regular period is. Normally, a regular period appears every 28 days, but, in reality, the nature and intensity of periods differ from one woman to another. Your body and your hormonal changes determine the length of your menstrual cycle. Some women may experience their periods every 20 days, while other may experience their periods every 35 days. You can keep a track of your periods with the help of charts and determine you are having regular periods or not. If the readings on chart show that your periods occur around the same number of days between each cycle, you are having regular periods. 5 days are usually a time for a regular period, though, it can last for 3 to 7 days as well.

Irregular Periods

Studies show that the irregular periods affect 30% of women during their reproductive years. Compared to the regular period, irregular period is in fact an abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle. Irregular periods normally associated with a later periods, early periods, bleeding and especially heavy bleeding (menorrhagia) or scanty bleeding. Some other symptoms of irregular periods include a missed period, continuous period or even periods that occur twice in one menstrual cycle.

Causes of Irregular Periods

Menstrual periods are usually caused by the hormones, particularly estrogen and progesterone. When these hormones get disturbed for one reason or another, these result in irregular periods. The hormones produced by the body are stored in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and ovaries. When it comes the time of menstruation, these body parts transmit signals to one another so as to initiate the menstrual period. Often these signals are misinterpreted or crossed or skipped, resulting in irregular periods.

The question arises here that what are those factors that causes these hormones signals to behave weird. There are many different factors that can alter the hormone levels.

  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy can be one factor as this will cause immense hormonal changes in your body that can even end your periods as well.
  • Stress: Stress is another common factor that can cause irregular periods. Different stress factors like fatigue, wearisome and anxiety can make your hormones disturbed.
  • Diet: Diet also plays an important role in balancing or unbalancing hormones. Both weight gain and weight loss result in hormonal change. Also, women with anorexia or bulimia experience no or irregular periods.
  • Exercise: Where exercise is good for health, extreme or severe exercise can cause your hormones to unbalance.
  • Menarche: The menstrual cycles after girl’s first period can be sometimes irregular and take up to 3 years to get regular at times.
  • Menopause: It is another common factor that can cause irregular periods.
  • Hormonal Birth Control: Women who use hormonal birth control often experience hormonal unbalance as body need some time to get into line with the new hormone levels.

Complications

Majority of the time, women don’t take irregular periods seriously as most of the time they develop the regular cycle with regular periods. However, sometimes there are some vague factors behind irregular periods that need to be cured. Monitor your periods closely and if you experience irregular periods for considerably long time with symptoms like severe cramping, heavy period bleeding, dizziness, nausea or fainting, it is perhaps the time to talk with your healthcare provider.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

This syndrome usually affects about 10% of total women. A cyst is formed on ovaries as a result of this syndrome that eventually affect the regular ovulation process. Some of the most obvious symptoms of PCOS are: excessive hair growth, weight gain, acne, dandruff, high blood pressure, and infertility. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider as this syndrome if left uncured can lead to some severe problems like endometriosis, heart disease, and ovarian cancer.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

This disease accounts for the inflammation of the lower intestines also referred to as the bowel. This inflammation can also cause the irregular periods. The major symptoms of this disease include the weight loss, abdominal pain and diarrhea. If this disease is left untreated, it can become severe and may even cause you to have a surgery. In case you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, immediately consult your healthcare provider.

Treating Irregular Periods

It is important to know the root cause of the irregular periods before you can start any treatment for them. Wait for time before consulting to your healthcare provider as sometimes the periods get regular after the span of short time. However, if you have been experiencing them for a long time, there must be a need to consult your healthcare provider as there may be an underlying reason for the irregular periods that need to be cured. For are given some methods to get your periods back on track. If these fail to work, better consult your healthcare provider without any delay.

  • Reduce your stress levels: Stress is always bad for your overall health. Keep yourself relaxed and meditated.
  • Get help for your eating disorder: Eating habits also have their role to play during menstrual periods. The women with anorexia and bulimia often suffered from irregular periods. There are certain other eating disorders which need to be cured before it’s too late.
  • Don’t over exercise: Exercise is always considered a key to good health, but sometimes too much exercising brings some reverse results. Always go for good healthy exercises and don’t over exercise. Everything needs to be in balance for achieving good results.

Medical Treatments

In addition to previously mentioned treatments, there are some medical treatments as well that become handy in the treatment of irregular periods.

  • Hormonal Contraceptives: There are hormonal contraceptives available that help controlling the menstrual cycles. These contraceptives contain a balanced amount of estrogen and progesterone and can only be used under the professional doctor’s prescription. These are available in oral, patch, ring and injection forms.
  • Hormone Supplements: Hormonal supplements become handy when you are experiencing some hormonal problems like over production of testosterone. These supplements can assist you in controlling your periods. Talk to your healthcare provider before using any supplements.


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